Chianti classico DOCG
Chianti has cult status, so to speak. Since time immemorial, the hilly landscape with the magnificent cities of Florence and Siena has triggered collective wanderlust and longing. Images echo of rolling hills, soft light and cities steeped in history, rich in art, culture and science. Florence and Siena resonate with Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Galileo and Dante Aligheri, the Medici family and countless other greats of world history.
But Chianti is also a world-famous wine. Chianti belongs to Italy like chocolate belongs to Switzerland. Basta. With its round, bulbous straw bottle, the Fiasco, the Tuscan wine became the epitome of Italianità around the globe. Unfortunately, this has not necessarily been good for its quality. Because its popularity has contributed to the fact that the cultivation areas were constantly expanded. As a result, many wines ended up in large mass bottlings and the radiance diminished. This in turn led to the original Chianti region insisting on its own label. Thus, two Chianti labels were created - perhaps somewhat confusing for newcomers: Chianti Classico DOCG from the heartland between Siena and Florence and Chianti DOCG from the surrounding area. It is mandatory that these carry the region designation and are divided into the following areas: Chianti Colli Aretini, Chianti Colli Fiorentini, Chianti Colline Pisane, Chianti Colli Senesi, Chianti Montalbano, Chianti Montespertoli and Chianti Rufina. The Sangiovese grape, the most important grape variety in Tuscany, plays the leading role in all Chianti wines. Its share is between 80% and 100%.
With the Consorzio Chianti Classico, the association of Chianti Classico producers, the Chianti Classico has set out to save its fame and has imposed a strict set of rules on itself in order to guarantee the quality of its wines. This is to be guaranteed by a 3-stage model.
At the highest level of quality is enthroned the designation Chianti Classico Gran Selezione. Only wines from the best vineyards of a winery and according to strict rules and even stricter controls are allowed to bear this predicate. The wines must remain in the cellar for at least 30 months, the minimum extract values are 26 grams / liter and the assignment of the vineyards to the various categories is done before production. However, it must be added here that this allocation is made by the producer himself, no there site classification à la Burgundy or Bordeaux. A Gran Selezione is simply the wine marked by the producer himself as coming from the best vineyard.
"The Chianti classico DOCG appellation is a true treasure trove for Sangiovese fans."
The Chianti Classico Riserva is in the middle quality level, here the storage time in the cellar is 24 months and the extract values are 25 grams per litre.
The largest part of the production volume is the Chianti Classico . It is called Annata, a young vintage wine. All Chianti Classico wines proudly bear the sign of their origin on their necks: the black rooster of the Consorzio Gallo Nero. Let someone else say that in Chianti no rooster crows according to quality standards!
Image:Rowan Heuvel | Text: Domenica Flütsch